Akai and his sons

HEALTH ISSUES

SEBACEOUS ADENITIS or SA
Sebaceous glands in the skin normally produce and deposit sebum on the skin. This is a natural oil that helps moisturize and protect the skin. Sebaceous Adenitis is an autoimmune disease that begins with inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Eventually they are destroyed.

Although many breeds (Samoyed, Akita, Standard Poodle, and Vizsla) develop SA, it generally seems to be most severe in the Akita. Affected dogs probably look far worse than they actually are for companion animals, but spells the end of a showing career for affected dogs. Akitas also can develop secondary bacterial infections and fever with accompanying weight loss.

Symptoms vary between dogs but the end result is permanent hair loss. The dog may have a strong, musky odor; thickened skin; and lesions, either as a result of the disease or from skin infections. Unfortunately, the initial symptoms may be quite similar to other skin disorders. So the only way to definitively diagnose it is through a biopsy, and in order for the pathology lab to confirm the presence of SA, the biopsy must be from an affected area. Sampling problems, then, can give false negatives. The presence of SA can only be confirmed when the dog is symptomatic and an affected skin area is removed and examined.
Source: http://www.akitaclub.org/health/health/sa/sa1.html

More info also here: http://www.akita-association.org/Sebaceous_Adenitis.htm
Examples of SA-cases: http://www.akita-friends.com/special/SA/

UDS/VKH
What it is and how it starts - the disease and the symptoms
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's Disease, better known as VKH-Like Syndrome (VKH) is an auto-immune disease, named after Drs. Vogt, Koyanagi and Harada.In dogs it is known as UveoDermatological Syndrome (UDS) but because it's so like the human form it is referred to more often by the human equivalent VKH.

VKH is commonly found in many of the Northern breeds. It is auto-immune related, with hereditary implications. It is felt that any type of stress can trigger the disease. Symptoms are depigmentation, hair loss,and blindness. Sometimes there are no warnings, sometimes there are, like the depigmentation and conjunctivitis (whites of the eye, and rimgo red). Conjunctivitis will often be followed by a detached retina,which shows as a milky blue surface on the eye ball. This IS a medical emergency. Without treatment, blindness will follow. The dog suffers great pain.

It has also been reported that dogs have been known to lose their nails. The disease affects mucous membrane areas such as the eyelids,mouth, anus, vulva and sometime the pads of the dog's feet. There is a definite visible loss of pigmentation in these areas, often started by crustiness or blisters. The severity of the symptoms vary from dog to dog. An interesting point to note is that many dogs are often stricken at 18 to 20 months.

There is no cure, and there are no methods to test breeding stock for VKH.
Source: http://www.akita-friends.com/special/vkh.htm

NB!
List of known SA or VKH diseased akitas can be found from Finnish Akita Association webpage http://www.akitayhdistys.fi/rodusta/sa-a-uds-rekisteri/41

DIAGNOSED WITH DOGS OWNED OR BRED BY US

Allergies
Canine allergies usually cause dermatological (skin) problems, ear irritation and/or gastrointestinal upset. Allergies can be extremely detrimental to a dog’s health and to its quality of life. Continual scratching, licking and biting at irritated areas of skin often leads to physical sores, which can become infected. When the ears are affected, the constant head shaking and scratching can cause hematomas to develop, especially on the tips of the ear flaps. Hematomas are basically blood-filled blisters. If allergic reactions are particularly severe and prolonged, the dog may develop significant behavioral changes as well, as a result of its continual and inescapable discomfort.
Source: http://www.petwave.com/Dogs/Dog-Health-Center/Multi-Body-System-Disorders/Allergies/Symptoms.aspx

More info also here: http://www.lifewithdogs.tv/2011/06/allergies-in-dogs

Lexa (CG de Lince) was diagnosed with allergies (pollen etc.) 7/2012. To help his allergic reactions his diet changed and at the summer time when there is a lot of pollen in the air he gets cortisone.

Sisu (CG de Oso) was diagnosed some food allergies at spring 2013. His has only mild reactions to allergenic food ingredients. His positive test results are at smalest value of the scale. His diet was adjusted to avoid allergic reactions.

Sparta (CG de Alce) was also diagnosed with food related allergies at 10/2013. He had inter alia several yeast infections at his ears. Now his owner is trying to find correct balance on his diet so he could live without symptoms.

Toru (CG de Liebre) was diagnosed atopy due to his several yeast infections on his ears and itching skin. To avoid symptoms in the future his diet is changed.

Histiocytoma
The histiocytoma is a benign skin growth that usually goes away by itself if given enough time. The typical histiocytoma patient is a young adult dog (usually less than 2 years of age) with a round eroded growth somewhere on the front half of its body but, of course, not every patient seems to have read the text book.
Source: http://www.marvistavet.com/html/body_histiocytoma.html

More info also here: http://vetmedicine.about.com/od/diseasesconditionsfaqs/f/FAQ_histiocytom.htm

Sisu (CG de Oso) diagnosed histiocytoma at November 2012. He was treated by keeping skin clean (washing it) and with Vetramil-ointment. At January 2013 Sisu had control visit to veterinarian and his histiocytoma was nearly vanished. According Sisu's veterinarian his histiocytoma was benign and non-hereditary.

Sinus dermoid
A dermoid sinus is a tubular skin defect caused by incomplete separation of the skin and the neural tube during embryonic development. The depth of the defect varies. The tube may extend into the tissue just beneath the skin, it may extend deeper and connect to the membrane covering the spinal cord (dura mater), or it may be a blind ended sac beneath the skin. The sinus can be found at any point along the back or neck, but most commonly affects the cervical or cranial thoracic area.
Source: http://www.acvs.org/AnimalOwners/HealthConditions/SmallAnimalTopics/DermoidSinus/

More info also here: http://www.ridgebacks.org.uk/forms/ds-article.pdf

Sparta (CG de Alce) diagnosed with sinus dermoid December 2011 and it was operated February 2012. Dog diagnosed with sinus dermoid is not suitable for breeding.


HEALTH BACKGROUNDS OF DOGS OWNED OR BRED BY US


Lago de Alce boys 20.1.2011


LAGO DE ALCE-LITTER
BOYS
Cazador Grande de Alce
-> sinus dermoid found 12/2011 and operated 2/2012, not for breeding
-> food related allergies diagnosed 10/2013
-> castrated 10/2013
Hips: B/B
Knees: 0/0
Cazador Grande de Liebre
-> castrated 2/2012, not for breeding
-> atopy diagnosed 11/2013
Cazador Grande de Lince
-> allergies (several pollen, dust mites etc.) found 7/2012
-> castrated 2/2013, not for breeding
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
Elbows: 0/0
Knees: 0/0
Cazador Grande de Lobo
Eyes: clear
Hips: C/B
Elbows: 0/0
Cazador Grande de Oso
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
Elbows: 0/0
Knees: 0/0
-> allergies to some food ingredients diagnosed spring 2013
Cazador Grande de Reno
SIR
Hokuoukensha No Masahiko Go
Eyes: RD, multifocal
Hips: C/B
Elbows: 0/0
DAM
Viribus Unitis Ren
Eyes: clear
Hips: B/B
Elbows: 0/0
Brother diagnosed with VKH (2011)
grandfather
Kita Kachidoki Go Takai Kensha (imp. Japan)
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
grandmother
Sensihime Go Kurume Hirose (imp. Japan)
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> B
grandfather
Tamagumo Go Mogami Igarashi (imp. Japan)
Eyes: clear
Hips: C/C
grandmother
Viribus Unitis Minerva Binchi
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
Kitanojou Go Saginuma Kensha Houmuran Go Musashi Aiwa Yuushi Go Kurume Hirose Aomidori Go Kurume Hirose Ryouko Go Miyagi Kozaki Kensha Makome Go Miyagi Kozaki Kensha Homareunshou Go Yamahan (imp. Japan)
Eyes: clear
Hips: D/D
Viribus Unitis Antevorte
Eyes: clear
Hips: B/B
Sister diagnosed with SA (2008)


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Sachi 29.2.2012


SACHI HALNE WZGÓRZE
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
Elbows: 0/0
Knees: 0/0
SIR
Kokusai Halne Wzgórze
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> A
DAM
Isamashii's Diamond to Jolanta
Brother diagnosed with VKH
grandfather
Kaishi Go Shichimen Kensha (. Japan)
grandmother
Iczczite Halne Wzgórze
Hips: foreign examination -> A
grandfather
Kaminari Halne Wgzórze
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> A/A
grandmother
Isamashii's Baronessan Bon-Sai
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> A/A
Sister diagnosed with VKH
Tetsutarou Go Shirai Ai Go Yamagata Kojima Kajitsu No Daiichi-Go
Hips: foreign examination -> B
Momiji Halne Wzgórze Yuu Go Shun'you Kensha Sayonara Halne Wzgórze
Hips: foreign examination -> A
Noven's Eiryu Go
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> A/A
Brother diagnosed with SA
Noven's Isamashii Isadora
Eyes: clear
Hips: foreign examination -> A/A


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8.6.2013


W'NATSUKI GO TOMIMOPA
Eyes: clear
Hips: A/A
Elbows: 0/0
Knees: 0/0
SIR
Unshou Go Takasaki Yamaguchi
Hips: foreign examination -> HD A/A
DAM
Lady Tomimopa
Hips: foreign examination -> HD A/A
Sister and brother diagnosed with SA
2 of sisters offspring diagnosed with VKH
grandfather
Kouun Go Noshiro Koujusou
grandmother
Kaunhime Go Takasaki Yamaguchi
grandfather
Toramaru Go Sanzenkarisou
Hips: foreign examination -> HD 0/0
grandmother
Zui Rei Akita Inu Of Cacic
Hips: foreign examination -> HD 1/0
Takekumo Go Sugisama Kensha Yuzuki Go Kosendou Kaiun Go Joushuu Tsukasa Shizume Go Mangetsusou Seiummaru Go Sakaakidou Kouyou Go Sanzenkarisou Yumenoshima No Shingo Go
Hips: foreign examination -> HD B1
Atachi Akita Inu Of Cacic
Hips: foreign examination -> HD B1